Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 Burmese Gem Smuggling is Part of Border Life

You are searching about Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2, today we will share with you article about Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 was compiled and edited by our team from many sources on the internet. Hope this article on the topic Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 is useful to you.

Burmese Gem Smuggling is Part of Border Life

MAE SOT, Thailand – Kupanda pake kuyimitsa katundu wozembetsa kulowa Thailand kumakukhudzani ngati mwambi wawiri-ndi-foro mukamayang’ana kutsidya kwa mtsinje wa Moi kupita ku Myanmar.

Mlatho wa Friendship Bridge uli ndi kuchuluka kwa anthu oyenda pansi, ndipo pafupifupi anthu ambiri akuwoloka mtsinjewo ndi machubu amkati kapena m’mabwato ang’onoang’ono. Ndipo m’nyengo yamvula miyezi iwiri mbali zonse za Chaka Chatsopano ambiri amangodutsa m’madzi ofika m’mawondo.

Asitikali aku Thailand amayang’anitsitsa kayendetsedwe kake koma samayesetsa kuyimitsa magalimoto. Ukonde wa anthu osamukira ku Thailand umayamba ndi cheki pafupifupi ma kilomita 10 (makilomita asanu ndi limodzi) mkati mwa dzikolo. Ndipo panthawiyi amakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi anthu omwe amalowa mosaloledwa kuposa kayendetsedwe ka katundu.

Ndipo kuwoloka ku Mae Sot ndi malo amodzi okha pamtunda wa 2,107-kilomita

(1,309.8-mile) malire.

Lamulo la dziko la Thailand limafuna kuti miyala yamtengo wapatali ipereke msonkho, ndipo apolisi nthawi zina amamanga anthu chifukwa chophwanya lamulo. Koma ndizosowa ndipo anthu akalipiritsa nthawi zambiri amakhala ku Bangkok.

Malamulowo ndi akale – Ndime 27 ya Customs Act ya 1926, ndi Ndime 16 ndi

17 ya Customs Act ya 1939 – komanso dziko la Thailand lisanakhale malo odula komanso opukutira padziko lonse lapansi amiyala yamitundu. Tsopano miyala yambiri imatumizidwa kunja kuti igwire ntchito yowonjezerapo kenaka imatumizidwanso kunja, kotero Thailand imapanga ndalama kuchokera ku bizinesi ndipo malipiro a ntchito samathandizira kulimbikitsa kubweretsa miyala ku Thailand. Kwa nthawi ndithu pamene dziko la Thailand linkapanga migodi yakeyake kuchokera ku migodi pafupi ndi Cambodia ndi Myanmar, sankafuna katundu wochokera kunja. Tsopano, ngakhale kuti migodi yawo yauma, mavutowa achokera kunja kwa Thailand.

Ku America ndizovomerezeka kuitanitsa miyala yotayirira komanso osalipira msonkho, bola ngati mulengeza mtengo wake. Ngakhale miyala yotengedwa kudziko lakwawo mosaloledwa ikhoza kutumizidwa ku United States popanda msonkho.

Koma, Thailand sinasinthe malamulo awo kuti agwirizane ndi malonda awo amtengo wapatali ndi zodzikongoletsera; kotero zolipiritsa zantchito zimakhalabe. Ndipo ntchito zimawonjezera mtengo, ndipo kuzembetsa ndi kosavuta komanso kotsika mtengo, koma kumawonjezera chopinga china mubizinesi yovuta komanso yowopsa.

Ndiko kuzembetsa mbali ya Thailand, ku Myanmar ndikovuta kwambiri.

Chiwonetsero cha momwe makampaniwa afalikira ku Thailand, kunali ku Chanthaburi chakum’mawa kwa dzikolo pafupi ndi Cambodia, pomwe bambo wina wozembetsa miyala yamitundumitundu kuchokera ku Myanmar adafotokoza gawo lina la masewerawo.

Ananenanso kuti gawo lovuta kwambiri lili ku Myanmar komweko komwe boma lankhondo lomwe lili ndi mphamvu zambiri likufuna kuti atengeko ndikukhazikitsa msonkho wakunja pamiyala yonse. Akuluakulu ankhondo ayesetsa kuwonjezera kugulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali mdziko muno kuti ndalama zambiri zizikhala ku Myanmar.

Pa Seputembala 29, 1995, iwo anakhazikitsa Lamulo la Zamtengo Wapatali ku Myanmar kuti alimbikitse msika waulele wa miyala yamtengo wapatali. Lamuloli linalola ogulitsa kugulitsa miyala yokumbidwa, yodulidwa ndi yopukutidwa ku Myanmar pamsika wotseguka ku Myanmar.

Koma wogulitsa ku Chanthaburi adati miyala yambiri ikupitilizabe kutumizidwa ku Myanmar, pomwe anthu ambiri amanyamula ndalama zochepa.

Ena amatumiza kwa ogula m’malire, ndipo ena amabweretsa miyalayo kumsika ku Thailand okha.

Ndizovuta kudziwa momwe zinthu zimayendera ku Myanmar, pomwe ozembetsa ambiri amawona phindu lochepa pofotokoza, komanso amakayikira anthu akamafunsa mafunso ambiri.

Koma, monga ena amanenera ku Mae Sot, miyala imayenda mwanjira iliyonse. Ngakhale asilikali amazembetsa miyala. Ndipo ena mwa magulu ankhondo amitundu yomwe asayina mapangano amtendere ndi akuluakulu aku Yangon nawonso. Kunena zoona, kuzembetsa anthu kumachitika pamlingo uliwonse.

Amene sakufuna kuzembetsa katunduyo iwowo akhoza kupeza anthu amene angafune.

Njira yochokera kumigodi ya Mogok ndi Mong Hsu yopita ku miyala yamitundumitundu, ndipo Hpakan ya jade ndiyowopsa kwambiri komanso yovuta ku Myanmar. Nthawi zambiri umakhala ulendo wamasiku awiri wopita ku Mae Sot, nthawi zambiri umayenda wapansi, ndipo pali zoopsa zambiri zomwe zimadutsa m’malo olamulidwa ndi magulu osiyanasiyana komanso ndalama zomwe zimalipidwa panjira.

Koma, njira zozembera ndi zaka makumi, ngakhale zaka mazana ambiri, zakhazikitsidwa bwino ndi malamulo awo omwe amavomerezedwa. Iwo ali okhazikika kwambiri moti ambiri amaona kuti kunyamula katundu m’njira yamalonda osati yozembetsa.

Mukafika ku Thailand, kusuntha miyala pang’onopang’ono ndikosavuta ndipo kumafuna kusamala pang’ono. Koma ngati wina akufuna kusuntha miyala yamtengo wapatali yambiri ndi nzeru kukonzekera. Ndipo zingakhale zotsika mtengo kulipira anthu oyenerera ndalama zochepa za baht zikwi zingapo (madola zana kapena kuposerapo) musanasunthire miyalayo, kusiyana ndi kulipira ndalama zambiri mutapezeka nawo.

Miyala nthawi zina imabwereranso kumbuyo ndi katundu wina wobwera ku Thailand kuchokera ku Myanmar.

Zamasamba za ku Myanmar ndi zokolola zowonongeka zimapita pang’onopang’ono kusiyana ndi midzi yamalire, koma katundu wa teak, mipando yakale ndi yakale ndi zokongoletsera zochokera kudziko losauka kwambiri logulitsa cholowa chake kuti apulumuke, ndizofala kwambiri.

Ndiyeno pali mankhwala.

Kusuntha kwa metamphetamine kotchedwa Thais kuti “ya ba” (mankhwala openga) kudayamba kusintha mphamvu zamalire pafupifupi 2000 pamene mankhwalawa adayamba kupangidwa mochulukira m’malire.

Kuwonongeka kwa mankhwala omwe amawonedwa kuti akuwononga moyo waku Thai kunali koopsa komanso kofala. Ogulitsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo oposa 2,500 anaphedwa m’chaka cha 2002 panthawi yomwe boma linkafuna kukwera ku Thailand kuti asatenge mankhwalawa. Akuluakulu aboma sanachedwe kunena kuti ambiri mwa omwe adaphedwawo anali pakati pa ogulitsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Chotsatira cha malonda a miyala yamtengo wapatali chinali chakuti kufufuza kosamalitsa kwa mankhwala kungabweretsenso miyala, zomwe zingapangitse mtengowo kuti wonyamulirayo alipire “chindapusa” kuti apitirize ndi katundu wawo. Koma, akuluakulu a boma amayang’ana katundu wamkulu wa mankhwala osokoneza bongo, kotero zotsatira za kusamalira miyala yaing’ono zakhala zochepa.

Komabe, malonda a mankhwala osokoneza bongo ali ponseponse m’madera akumalire, ndipo nthawi zina amagwirizana ndi malonda a miyala yamtengo wapatali. Gulu lankhondo la United Wa State Army (UWSA), limodzi mwa magulu ankhondo amitundu yambiri ku Myanmar, ndi gulu limodzi lomwe likuchita malonda a mankhwala osokoneza bongo, ndikugwiritsa ntchito malonda a miyala yamtengo wapatali kubisa malonda awo a mankhwala osokoneza bongo, malinga ndi zomwe boma la Thailand linanena.

Boma la asilikali ku Yangon linasaina pangano ndi bungwe la UWSA mu June 2001, lomwe linali loti asiye kugulitsa mankhwala osokoneza bongo n’kuyamba kugulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali.

Koma malinga ndi magwero aboma la Thailand, UWSA idaganiza kuti mabizinesi awiriwa anali abwino kuposa amodzi. Ndipo akuti adagwiritsa ntchito malonda amtengo wapatali omwe amagulitsidwa kawiri pachaka ndi a Myanmar Gems Enterprise kuti awononge ndalama zamankhwala. M’malo ogulitsira akale, amalonda a Wa amatsatsa pawokha miyala yamtengo wapatali yomwe amalipira ndalama zambiri kuposa zomwe zidalipo kuti awononge ndalamazo.

Koma ambiri ogulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali amati kugwirizana kwa mankhwalawa kwachuluka. Iwo amanena kuti n’koopsa kwambiri kunyamula miyala yamtengo wapatali yokhala ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo. Kuwanyamula okha n’kotetezeka ndipo pali ambiri ofunitsitsa kutero.

Kupeza “buluu” kuti anyamule miyala ndikosavuta mokwanira ndi gawo lalikulu la Myanmar pamavuto azachuma. Osamukira ku Thailand amafika mazana masauzande kukafunafuna ntchito. Lipoti la Amnesty International lomwe linatulutsidwa mu June (2005) linati anthu othawa kwawo ochokera ku Myanmar akugwira ntchito zoopsa, zauve zomwe Thais sakuzifuna.

Lipotilo linati iwo “amalipidwa ndalama zochepa kuposa malipiro ochepera a ku Thailand, amagwira ntchito kwa maola ambiri m’malo opanda thanzi ndipo ali pachiwopsezo cha kumangidwa popanda chilolezo ndi kuthamangitsidwa.”

Ena amawonjezera kuti ndi malire aatali ndipo miyala yamtengo wapatali imatha kunyamulidwa pang’ono. Ogulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali ku Bangkok, amati miyala yambiri “imazembetsa” kupita ku Thailand m’matumba a malaya.

Zamtengo wapatali zimalowa, zakhalapo kwa zaka mazana ambiri, ndipo zidzapitiriza kutero.

Ku Mae Sot kuchuluka kwa ogulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali omwe akubera miyala pamsika wamasiku onse wamsewu kwawonjezeka m’zaka zaposachedwa. Tsopano Prasatwithi Road nthawi zambiri imakhala yodzaza pakati pa 11am ndi 2pm. Ndipo mutha kumva Chibama chikuyankhulidwa ngati Thai.

Miyalayi imachokera kulikonse, kuphatikizapo ku Africa, koma ambiri akuchokera ku Myanmar. Koma ena amachoka ku Myanmar kupita ku Chanthaburi, kenako amabwerera ku Mae Sot. Kudula ndikupukuta kuli bwino kwambiri ku Chanthaburi, ndikocheperako ku Mae Sot, ambiri amati.

Jade wachulukirachulukira, koma miyala yamtengo wapatali imapangitsa chidwi kwambiri, ndipo ma ruby ​​amakhalabe omwe amakopa kwambiri.

Koma ogula amati ogulitsa ambiri sakutanthauza kugulitsa kwambiri. Noi adati anali ndi zaka 20 akuchita bizinesi ku Mae Sot, ndipo kuchuluka kwa miyala sikunachuluke kuposa kale, pali anthu ambiri omwe akugulitsa zochepa.

Chiletso cha ku America cha chilichonse chochokera ku Myanmar sichinakhudze kwambiri miyala yamtengo wapatali chifukwa chinalibe nthawi. Ndipo tsopano rough from the pariah state is legal again. Izi zitha kukhala zabwino poganizira zachabechabe kwa msika wapadziko lonse wa ruby ​​​​wopanda zovuta kuchokera ku Myanmar, komwe ogulitsa ambiri amayerekeza pafupifupi 80 peresenti ya zomwe zidachokera. Ndipo, ndi bwino kwambiri padziko lapansi.

Panthawi yomwe ngakhale zovuta zimaonedwa kuti ndizoletsedwa ku Myanmar, ma rubi apamwamba adayamba kuwonekera kuchokera ku Vietnam, Sri Lanka ndi kwina. Tsopano ndi zovuta zochokera ku Myanmar zalamulo – bola zitakhala bwino kwina – miyala yomweyi ikuchokera ku Myanmar.

Othandizira makasitomala ku America akanakhala ovuta kudziwa ruby ​​ya Mogok kuchokera ku ruby ​​ya Vietnam, choncho, kukakamiza chiletsocho kukanakhala kovuta kwambiri.

Ndipo akuluakulu a kasitomu omwewo ali ndi zinthu zambiri zofunika kufufuza monga zida ndi mankhwala osokoneza bongo.

Koma osati ma ruby ​​okha ndi miyala ina yamitundu yomwe imayenda mozungulira embargo. Mafakitole opangira zovala akuti amasoka zilembo zomwe amati zidapangidwa ku Thailand, China kudziko lina, ndipo kudzera mwa amalonda apakati kumeneko amagulitsa zovalazo ku US ndi mayiko a EU.

Embargoes ndizovuta kusunga, ndipo ndi chinthu chamtengo wapatali komanso chosavuta kunyamula ngati miyala yamitundu, pafupi ndi zosatheka.

Makampani aku America adasiya kugula ma ruby ​​ndi china chilichonse ku Myanmar

2003 pamene dziko la United States linaletsa kuitanitsa zinthu zonse za ku Myanmar ndi lamulo la Burmese Freedom and Democracy lomwe linakhazikitsidwa pa August 28. Chiletsocho chinali chotsutsana ndi kuphwanya ufulu wa anthu kwa akuluakulu olamulira.

Kenako mu December 2004 dipatimenti yoona za kasitomu ya ku United States inasintha lamulo lokhudza miyala yamitundumitundu. Malamulo atsopanowa akuti miyala yamtengo wapatali yomwe imakumbidwa ku Myanmar, koma yodulidwa ndikupukutidwa m’maiko ena, samadziwika kuti ndi ya ku Myanmar. Chotero marubi ndi miyala ina anamasulidwa moyenerera pa chiletsocho.

Miyala yambiri yamitundumitundu yochokera ku Myanmar imadulidwa ndikupukutidwa ku Canthaburi, malo opangira kutentha kwapadziko lonse lapansi. Ngakhale miyala yomwe idadulidwa kale ndikupukutidwa ku Myanmar, nthawi zambiri imachitikanso chifukwa luso lomwe lilipo ndi locheperapo kuposa la Thai.

Komabe, makampani ena aku America adakanabe chiletsocho, akuti akuphatikizapo Tiffany & Co, yomwe mu Marichi 2005 idati sigula miyala ku Myanmar.

Wapampando komanso wamkulu wamkulu a Michael Kowalski adati m’boma: “Timathandizira kusintha kwa demokalase komanso kuthetsa kuphwanya ufulu wa anthu mdzikolo ndipo tikukhulupirira kuti makasitomala athu angagwirizane ndi izi.”

Aung Din, woyambitsa mnzake waku Burma wa Campaign ya US ku Burma adayitcha kuti mfundo yabwino.

“Migodi ku Burma (Myanmar) imachirikiza wolamulira wankhanza pamene akukhetsa magazi anthu a ku Burma, nchifukwa chake palibe amene ayenera kugula ‘miyala yamtengo wapatali’ imeneyi,” iye anauza magazini ya Irrawaddy ya ku Thailand.

Pakali pano miyala yamtengo wapatali ndiyo gwero lalikulu la ndalama ku boma la asilikali.

Malinga ndi ziwerengero za boma la Myanmar, iwo ankapeza ndalama zokwana madola 22 miliyoni pa msika wachiwiri wa m’chaka cha 2004, zomwe zinachitika kawiri pachaka kuyambira 1992.

Bungwe la Myanmar Gems Emporium monga momwe limatchulidwira linayamba mu 1964 pamene unali msonkhano wamba. Kenako mu 1992 pofuna kupeza ndalama zambiri kuchokera ku miyala yamtengo wapatali, akuluakulu a asilikaliwo anachititsa kuti bungwe la Myanmar Gems Enterprise, lomwe lili pansi pa Unduna wa Zamigodi, lizichita kawiri pachaka.

Koma, izo zinali zogulitsa za boma. Boma la Myanmar silipeza kalikonse pa miyala yozembetsa ku Thailand.

“Pali njira ziwiri zopezera miyala kuchokera ku Burma. Imodzi ndikuchita ndi boma la Burma pa malonda awo. Ina ndi yolimbana ndi anthu omwe amawazembetsa kudutsa malire kupita ku Thailand. Zomwe akuzembetsa boma ku Burma sizikupeza chilichonse, “watero wogulitsa miyala yamtengo wapatali ku Bangkok.

Jade ndi nkhani ina. Zambiri zimabwera ku Thailand, koma zambiri zikupita ku China, ndi msika womwe ukukula wamwala pachuma chomwe chikukula kumeneko.

Ndipo migodi ya jade kumpoto kwa Myanmar ili pafupi ndi malire amakilomita 2,204 (makilomita 1,370) pakati pa mayiko awiriwa.

Sizikuwoneka kuti akuluakulu aku Yangon amangirira bwanji ukonde; miyala yamitundu ipitilira kuyenda njira zawo zachitsime kunja kwa dziko ndikulowa msika wapadziko lonse lapansi.

Kuti mudziwe zambiri pa izi mutha kupezeka pano, miyala yamtengo wapatali ya ku Burma [http://gemdreamz.com] & zodzikongoletsera [http://jewelry].

Video about Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2

You can see more content about Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 on our youtube channel: Click Here

Question about Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2

If you have any questions about Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2, please let us know, all your questions or suggestions will help us improve in the following articles!

The article Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 was compiled by me and my team from many sources. If you find the article Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 helpful to you, please support the team Like or Share!

Rate Articles Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2

Rate: 4-5 stars
Ratings: 1433
Views: 76999843

Search keywords Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2

Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2
way Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2
tutorial Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2
Who Is The Old Man In Coming 2 America 2 free
#Burmese #Gem #Smuggling #Part #Border #Life

Source: https://ezinearticles.com/?Burmese-Gem-Smuggling-is-Part-of-Border-Life&id=263289

Related Posts

default-image-feature

Art Things For 4 Year And 2 Year Old Girls If Your Woman Ignores You – What to Do to Win Her Back (Using Covert Psychology)

You are searching about Art Things For 4 Year And 2 Year Old Girls, today we will share with you article about Art Things For 4 Year…

default-image-feature

Who Is The Old Man In Beginning Of Force Awakens The Chakras – Understanding and Balancing the Major 16 Chakras

You are searching about Who Is The Old Man In Beginning Of Force Awakens, today we will share with you article about Who Is The Old Man…

default-image-feature

How To Get A 4 Month Old To Self Soothe Approval Seeking: Can Someone’s Wounded Inner Child Cause Them To Be An Approval Seeker?

You are searching about How To Get A 4 Month Old To Self Soothe, today we will share with you article about How To Get A 4…

default-image-feature

Art Or Crafts 2 To 4 Year Old Spring Ideas England – Overview

You are searching about Art Or Crafts 2 To 4 Year Old Spring Ideas, today we will share with you article about Art Or Crafts 2 To…

default-image-feature

Who Is The Old Man In All Jspanese Hirrir Films WWII Veterans – 3 Stories From This Vanishing Breed

You are searching about Who Is The Old Man In All Jspanese Hirrir Films, today we will share with you article about Who Is The Old Man…

default-image-feature

Who Is The Old Man At The End Of Greater Cody Kite – Old But Still Lifting!

You are searching about Who Is The Old Man At The End Of Greater, today we will share with you article about Who Is The Old Man…