When Is The Old Man And The Gun In Theaters Quick History of World War Two – European Theater

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Quick History of World War Two – European Theater

Nkhondo idayamba?

Ena anganene kuti Nkhondo Yachiŵiri Yapadziko Lonse inayamba pamene Germany inaukira Poland pa September 1, 1939 ndi kugamula kwa Britain kuti popanda dziko la Germany lichoke pakakhala Nkhondo. Mosafunikira kunena kuti panalibe kuchotsedwa kwa Germany ndipo WWII inayamba, Britain, France, Australia ndi New Zealand akulengeza nkhondo pa 3rd ya September 1939.

Ena anganene kuti nkhondo yachiŵiri yapadziko lonse inali chabe gawo lachiŵiri la nkhondo yoyamba yapadziko lonse. Ngakhale kuti maulamuliro akuluakulu anali asanazindikire kuti kupitiriza kwa nkhondo pakati pa Axis ndi Allies kudzachititsa kuti kutha kwa ulamuliro wa dziko la Ulaya ndi kuwonongedwa kwa maufumu awo atsamunda. Mwa kukonzanso ndewuyo adangodzitsimikizira okha kutha mosasamala kanthu kuti ndani adapambana.

Ena anena kuti Pangano la ku Versailles linali ‘laukali ndi lopanda nzeru’ motero linali mbewu imene inatsimikizira nkhondo yachiŵiri yapadziko lonse. Germany ikufuna kukonza cholakwika ichi. Zoonadi Pangano la Versailles silinali lankhanza kuposa zomwe Ajeremani adafuna kukakamiza anthu aku Russia mu 1917/18 pomwe Russia idakakamizika kulekanitsa magawo akuluakulu ndikulipira ziwongola dzanja zazikulu mu Pangano la Brest-Litovsk.

M’chowonadi chochititsa chachikulu cha nkhondo yapadziko lonse yachiŵiri chinali chikhulupiriro cha Ajeremani ambiri chakuti iwo sanagonjetsepo nkhondo yoyamba yapadziko lonse. Gawo la Germany silinalandidwe, asitikali adawona kuti sanagonjetsepo. M’chenicheni gulu lankhondo linayenera kubwerera ku Germany kukasunga dzikolo kuti lisasokonekera, popeza Germany inali pachiwopsezo chachikulu chochokera kwa adani amkati kuposa chiwopsezo cha ogwirizana nawo.

Chifukwa chake chikhulupiliro chakuti Germany idangotaya nkhondoyi chifukwa chobaya kumbuyo kwawo. Kusokonekera kumeneku kunali chifukwa cha boma lomwe linayikidwa pansi pa chitsenderezo chachikulu ndikugonjera ku chitsenderezo cha zachuma ndi ndale, kuti apambane nkhondo yamakono, kupambana pamunda sikulinso kokwanira, kupambana kuyenera kupezedwa pa dongosolo lonse la ena. fuko. (ie kuwononga chifuniro chake chomenyana). Germany idataya nkhondoyi, machitidwe ake adagwa ndipo adagonja pankhondoyo. Asitikali ankhondo aku Britain adakwanitsa kutsekereza chuma cha Germany ndipo adabweretsa chiwonongeko ndi kugonjetsedwa, (ngakhale gulu lankhondo la Navy silinadzitsimikizire kuti lili pankhondo yowonekera).

Germany idataya ogwirizana nawo, Turkey ndi Austria, ndipo idalephera kupanga ndi ndege zochepa, akasinja ochepa ndipo adasowa antchito. Ngakhale kuti dziko la Germany silinagonje pankhondoyo, linagonja pankhondoyo.

Komabe nthano imeneyi yoti sanagonjetsedwe imachititsa kuipidwa ndi kutchedwa otayika. Posakhalitsa vuto lililonse ku Germany linakhudzana ndi zolakwika zakale. Kukhumudwa kwakukulu kunali udzu womaliza. Ulova wa anthu ambiri komanso kuchuluka kwa inflation kwasiya malo abwino kuti chipani chandale chonyanyira chipeze thandizo lokwanira kuti likhazikitse gawo lalikulu. M’chochitika ichi a chipani cha Nazi okhala ndi chiphatikizo cha utundu, tsankho, ulamuliro waufulu, ndi lonjezo la nthaŵi zabwinoko anapeza mphamvu zandale zokwanira kuyamba kulanda ndi kusintha demokalase kukhala yankhanza.

Zochitika mosamalitsa monga kuwotchedwa kwa Reichstag ndi machenjerero a anyamata ovutitsa anatsogolera ku ulamuliro wankhanza. Pofuna kupitirizabe kukwaniritsa malonjezo a Hitler amene anali chitsanzo cha boma anali akupitirizabe kukula, choyamba kudzera mwa chitonthozo ndiyeno nkhondo yeniyeni.

Kuwombera kwakupha kunali Pangano la Molotov-Ribbentrop lomwe linasaina pa August 23, 1939, momwe Hitler anali ndi ufulu wojambula Poland ndi mgwirizano wa USSR.

Chifukwa cha njira za Blitzkrieg ndi malamulo apamwamba, asilikali a Germany adagonjetsa Poland mwamsanga. Ndi France ndi Britain kudzinyozetsa okha osachita kalikonse ku Western Front.

Poland itatha ku Germany idakhazikitsa malo ake polanda Denmark ndi Norway pa 9 Epulo 1940, kutsimikizira kuti ipeza chitsulo chachitsulo cha Sweden ndikutsegula North Atlantic. Kuukira kwa France kudayamba pa Meyi 10, 1940, kuphatikiziranso kuwukira kogwirizana kwa Netherlands, Luxembourg ndi Belgium ndikukonzekera mosamala ku Germany kutulutsa zotsatira zabwino, France idalephera isanayambike. Kuperewera kumangofulumizitsa kugonjetsedwa.

Chiyambi cha chigonjetso chachikulu cha Germany ngakhale chinali chitafesedwa kale ndikulephera kuwononga a British ku Dunkirk (omwe adayamba kusamuka pa 26 May 1940), komanso polephera kulanda Navy ya ku France. Izi pamodzi ndi ntchito zopondereza zinapangitsa kutsimikiza mtima. Chigonjetso chinali chitapeza Italiya ngati mnzake, koma chinali kutsimikizira ukwati wakupha ndi Italy kukhala chopinga chachikulu kuposa thandizo. Komabe pakali pano Ulamuliro wachitatu wa Ulamuliro wachitatu unakondwera ndi kutha kwa France ndipo Afalansa adasaina mgwirizano wankhondo pa 22nd June 1940. Pasanathe miyezi iwiri chiyambireni nkhondo yake Germany idagonjetsa adani ake onse kuletsa Ufumu wa Britain.

Kutembenukira Kummawa:

Zakhala zoonekeratu kuchokera m’mbiri yakale kuti Germany inalibe mphamvu yogonjetsa Britain komanso Hitler analibe kuleza mtima kuti atenge nthawi yokwanira kuti alole udindo wake wapamwamba kuti apereke zopindulitsa kuti ateteze zomwe zikuchitika komanso kuti apange kupambana kwapamadzi kofunikira ndi anafunikira ndege yokwerera kuti iwononge Britain. Kapenanso kupanga mabomba olemera omwe amafunikira kuti aphulitse Britain kuti aiwale. Kupanda kuleza mtima kumeneku komanso kudzidalira mopambanitsa kuchokera ku zomwe zidapezeka kale kumabweretsa chisankho choyipa chotembenukira kummawa ndikuukira Russia.

Dongosololi lidathetsedwanso chifukwa chakuukira kosafunikira kwa Yugoslavia ndi Greece pa Epulo 6, 1941, komwe kudachitika chifukwa chakulephera kwa Italy komanso kupulumutsidwa kwa Germany kuti mtsogolo kubwerezedwe ku North Africa. Kuchedwa kwa Opaleshoni Barbarossa kungakhale kokwera mtengo.

Operation Barbarossa inayamba pa 22 June 1941. Magulu atatu ankhondo aku Germany, gulu lankhondo la Axis la amuna opitilira mamiliyoni anayi anali kudikirira kuwukira dziko la Russia ndipo Comrade Stalin ‘anagona gudumu’ osanyalanyaza nzeru zaku Britain zokhudzana ndi mapulani owukira a Hitler.

Kupambana kwa Germany kunathetsedwa pamaso pa Kremlin ndi kuyamba kwa dzinja ndi kutsimikizira kwa Stalin kuti Japan analibe cholinga choukira, motero kumasula asilikali a Siberia kuti asamutsire ku chitetezo cha Moscow ndi nyengo yozizira yomwe a Russia anayamba. kumenyana ndi anthu pa December 5, 1941. Gulu lankhondo la Germany losakonzekera linali lozizira mpaka kufa.

Russia Counter Attack ku Moscow

Mopusa pa 11th tsiku la December 1941 Germany idalengeza nkhondo ku USA (Pambuyo pa Pearl Harbor 7th December 1941). Mosavomerezeka mayiko anali atayamba kale nkhondo ndi USA kupereka zida ku Britain ndi USSR ndi owononga US akumenyana ndi U-Boats ku Atlantic. Komabe kuti Hitler aikhazikitse mwachidziwitso chankhondo chinali kupusa kodziwika.

Kuponyanso kwachiwiri kwa madayisi.

Pambuyo polephera kuchita bwino ku Moscow kapena kutenga Leningrad ndikulumikizana ndi Finn.s Hitler adaponya ku Stalingrad ndi minda yamafuta ku Caucasus pa 22 Ogasiti 1942. Poyambanso njira za Blitzkrieg zidagwa mvula yayikulu ndi Ajeremani akufika. Stalingrad pa September 8. Apanso Hitler analephera polola asilikali ake kuti alowe mu nkhondo yamoto ya m’tawuni yomwe sanayenere, kulola kuti a Russia agwetse msampha waukulu ndikuwononga gulu lonse lankhondo (kudzipereka pa 31st January 1943), izi pamodzi ndi kupambana kwa Allied kumpoto. Africa yomwe idadzetsa chiwonongeko gulu lina lankhondo la Germany limabweretsa kusintha kosasinthika pankhondo yomwe Germany ikuyenera kuwonongedwa.

Ma Allies amalimbananso.

Ndi kupambana kwakukulu pankhondo ya Atlantic, ndi chigonjetso ku El Alamein pa 4 Novembara 1942 ogwirizanawo adayamba kugwedezeka, ndi ntchito yowunikira yomwe idayamba pa 8 Novembara 1942, ogwirizana adayamba kufinya Ajeremani. waku North Africa. Kenako anaukira Italy, kuyambira ndi kuwukira kwa Sicily pa 10 July 1943. Iwo anapitiriza pa boot ya Italy komabe izi zinatsimikizira kukhala ntchito yodula chifukwa cha mtunda wokomera mtetezi, Rome osamasulidwa mpaka 4 June 1944.

Masewera omaliza enieni adayamba ndi kuwukira kwa Normandy pa 6 June 1944 (D-Day). Ndi kupambana kwa kuwukira ndi kuphulika kwa bocage. Kupambana pa thumba la Falaise ndi Kursk kunatsimikizira tsogolo la Germany.

Masewera Omaliza

Ngakhale Hitlers kutchova njuga pa Nkhondo ya Bulge (Dec. 1944) mapeto anali kale pa njira ndi Allies akutaya zinyalala ku Germany kuchokera mlengalenga ndi aku Russia akutaya zinyalala ndi misa ndi zida zankhondo ndi asilikali. Kuwonongedwa kwa Berlin ndi imfa ya Hitler (30th April 1945) kunatsimikizira kuti kufa kwatha, tsiku la VE linali 8 May, aku Germany atagonja dzulo lake.

Chifukwa chiyani Germany idataya Nkhondo.

Idalephera nkhondo ya Diplomatic – idalephera kukopa dziko la Spain lachifasisti kuti lilowe nawo pazifukwa. Linalephera kusandutsa maiko olandidwa kukhala ogwirizana. Icho chinalephera kukhala ndi dongosolo logwirizana ndi ogwirizana nawo. Tangoganizani ngati dziko la Japan lidatsimikiziridwa kuti liukire Russia m’malo mophulitsa Pearl Harbor. Tangoganizani ngati USA idalimbikitsidwa kusamenya nkhondo kwa chaka china. Mwa kuyankhula kwina, Germany inalephera kugonjetsa mitima ndi maganizo, ndi zochita zopondereza za SS ndi ena ku Poland ndi Russia, m’malo mopambana ambiri omwe akanagwirizana nawo mokondwa kugonjetsa Stalinism ndikuthandizira kutsimikizira chigonjetso cha Germany. Nazism ndi miyambi ya dziko la Germany komanso tsankho lachiwembu silinapereke kalikonse kwa omwe sanali Ajeremani.

Zinalephera nkhondo yaukadaulo – ngakhale Germany idapanga kupita patsogolo kodabwitsa kwaukadaulo wamaroketi ndi zina zotero, mwina idalephera kupanga ukadaulo wofunikira mwachangu, mwachitsanzo, zida za nyukiliya, kapena kulephera kuzindikira ndikugwiritsa ntchito njira zawo zonse zomwe zingatheke. adapanga kusiyana mwachitsanzo mphamvu ya Jet.

Inalephera kutengera Total War. Mpaka kumapeto kwa nkhondo pamene Albert Speer adalanda chuma cha Germany sichinagwiritse ntchito bwino zomwe zilipo. Nzeru ya chipani cha Nazi ponena za akazi inali italepheretsa anthu kugwira ntchito ndi asilikali. Ngakhale kuti anthu aku Russia analibe zodandaula zotere ndi akazi omwe amatumikira m’mizere yakutsogolo. Popha Ayuda ndi anthu ena, zida zankhondo zamtengo wapatali za Nazi zomwe zidawonongeka komanso zida zamtengo wapatali zomwe zikanagwiritsidwa ntchito pazifukwa zothandiza kwambiri, zidawonedwa ngati zosafunikira.

Germany idadalira ntchito yaukapolo kuti ipange kusiyana, pomwe Britain ndi USA anali ndi gulu lankhondo lodzipereka mu “Rosie the Riveter.” Germany inawononganso chuma pazinthu zopanda pake monga khoma la Atlantic (lomwe silinapambane kuyimitsa Allies kwa tsiku limodzi) ndi mfuti zotsutsana ndi ndege zomwe zidatenga zikwi zamfuti zikanakhala zothandiza kwambiri kutsogolo ngati mabatire odana ndi tank. ndipo kunafunikira amuna oti azigwira. Inapatutsiranso chuma kunkhondo zosafunikira monga Greece ndi North Africa. Inakhulupirira mabodza akeake ndipo motero inapanga zolakwa Zowopsa. Zina mwazolakwitsa zowopsazi zidaphatikizapo kulephera kuzindikira kuti makina achinsinsi adasokonekera. A Nazi amakhulupirira kuti “ndizosasweka”, motero sakanazindikira momwe luntha likudutsira.

Zolakwa zinanso zowopsa kuphatikiza kulephera kuchita bwino pankhondo yanzeru, kupatula kupambana kodziwika pakunyalanyaza kukana kwa Dutch ntchito zambiri zanzeru zaku Germany zidakhala zopanda ntchito poyerekeza ndi British Intell. Izi sizikutanthauza kuti British intell inali yangwiro koma Churchill adafotokoza mwachidule kuti “pankhondo choonadi ndi chamtengo wapatali chiyenera kukulungidwa ndi mabodza”. Hitler anagulitsidwa pa Pas de Calais pokhala malo enieni owukira. Komanso poika chidaliro chake chonse mu Fuhrer kumabweretsa tsoka la Stalingrad, etc. Hitler mwina ankaganiza kuti anali Genius usilikali, koma pambuyo pa kutha kwa kuukira France iye anapereka zochepa bwino zopereka. Wina angafunse kuti zikanatheka bwanji ngati Akuluakulu aku Germany ataloledwa kuyendetsa chiwonetserochi?

Ndikukhulupirira kuti ngati chuma cha Germany chikanakhala chokonzekera nkhondoyi kuyambira pachiyambi ndipo ngati zikanakambirana zina mwazinthuzi pamwambazi pakanakhala zovuta zomwe akanatha kuchita. Sitiyenera kuganiza kuti zotulukapo za Nkhondo Yadziko II zinali chitsimikizo, kunali kokha ndi kudzimana kochuluka ndi ogwirizana kuti chipambano chomaliza chinatheka.

Nkhaniyi idaperekedwa kwa onse omwe adamenya nawo nkhondo yowononga zoyipa za Nazism. Makamaka kwa Amalume anga Aakulu a Ivan HARRIS omwe anamwalira Lachitatu 22nd July 1942 akumenyana ku North Africa akumenyera New Zealand.

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