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How the Devil Did Satan Take Over Halloween?
Most of the young trick-or-treaters, walking in the dark on Halloween, don’t really care about the origin of the holiday/holy day they are celebrating. Dressed in various costumes such as spirits and ghosts, heroes or villains of the past, these children unknowingly imitate the old traditions that started with the pagan celebration of the Celts 20 years ago in Europe, and gradually turned into a Catholic celebration on the evening of the festival. of All Saints. However, much of the tradition is obscured by the constant passage of time and fading memory.
One thing is certain about this celebration: The Devil had no part in it. It was later added to the festival gradually after St. Patrick brought Christianity to Ireland in 432 AD Until that time, Irish people and Celts such as Scots, Welsh, Cornish, Bretons and others had no idea of the devil in their lives. to worship.
But they had a strong idea of life after death which is called “another world.” The Irish Celts called it “Tir na Nog” (the land of eternal youth). It was a fun place. It was also a magical world and a paradise in the Western Sea.
The ruler of this other world was Samhain (pronounced “sow-en”) who was known as “Lord of the Dead.” But he had no relationship with the devil.
Even today in Ireland, one of the Celtic countries where ancient traditions still exist, All Hallows Eve (Halloween) before All Saints Day is called Samhain Eve. The next day marks the beginning of the Celtic New Year, Nov. 1, and also marks the end of the grazing season and the gathering of all winter crops.
According to the ancient Aselt tradition, all fires must be extinguished and new ones lit to usher in a new year of abundance and light, and another victory of the sun over darkness.
For the ancient Celts, Halloween could also be a night of danger and fear as a time when otherworldly spirits roamed freely. The Celts left “things” at their doors for the spirits of their ancestors, and carved rutabagas or large turnips and placed a candle inside these “spirit lamps” to guide their ancestors home. It can be a night of joy or discomfort depending on the relationship between the families and their parents.
Spirits from another world can also return to a previous dimension to seek justice for past injustices. So the Celts started wearing clothes and masks as a way to hide from vengeful ancestors. It was also a time when the future could be understood by following certain rituals such as cutting apples. When someone was caught, the apple was peeled and the skins were thrown over the shoulder. The pairs had to show their spouse’s name or other important information.
The Celts also believed that black cats crossing a person’s path would bring bad luck. The Celts believed that black cats were ancient people who were turned into animals as a form of punishment for bad deeds. The Celts also believed that spirits lived in trees, so they would “knock on the tree” to ensure that their luck would continue. This may be part of the understanding of the use of the term “Irish privilege.” But it was also used to describe their great success as immigrants, especially in the United States.
Before it came to America as a holiday, Halloween had other religious origins. There is still much debate as to how the Feast of All Saints replaced the ancient Seth festival. Around 610 AD, the Roman Emperor Phocas gave Pope Boniface IV a Roman temple where pagan Roman gods were worshipped. Then the Pantheon was rededicated under the title “Santa Maria ad Martyres” (St. Mary of the Martyrs.) The dedication ceremony took place on May 13, and every year the commemoration ceremony was held with great ceremony. Some historians consider this to be the beginning of the feast of All Saints.
Some experts insist that Pope Gregory III started the feast when he gave a speech to all the saints in the church of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. It seems that from this time, especially in England, the festival was held on Nov. 1.
However, a well-known scholar named J. Hennig disputes both of these theories and puts the beginning of the date on Nov. 1 in Ireland. According to this theory, the party came from Ireland to Northnumberland in England, and then to Europe where other Celts joined their New Year celebration. It should also be noted that at this time the Irish missionaries had already begun their journeys to England and the continent, and had a great influence in the affairs of the church in that area.
Whether it’s the pagan Celts or the Christian origins of Halloween, we can thank our modern-day counterparts, the Irish and the Scots-Irish for hosting a fun party for children.
The Irish were largely responsible for bringing their traditions and celebrations to America in the mid-1800s when thousands of them flooded the shores of the United States after the Great Famine of 1847-50 in Ireland. They spread their kingdom and traditions from the islands of the Atlantic Ocean to the Black Sea, and from the Mediterranean to the North Sea.
These powerful and intelligent people have given the world the opportunity to live, the abundance of intellectuals and legends and modern books from writers such as Shaw, Yeats, O’Casey, Beckett, Joyce and others.
And with all of this, he gave a Catholic/Christian meaning to the old holiday and brought Halloween to America to be enjoyed by trick-or-treaters around the world.
But he did not bring Satan or devil worship to the joyous celebration of the Celtic New Year, Nov. 1.
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