Am I Producing Enough Milk For My 4 Month Old Biloela’s Pioneer Greek Immigrants

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Biloela’s Pioneer Greek Immigrants

Biloela

This is the story of young immigrants from the small villages of Southern Rhodes (Rhodes Island, Greece) who came to work in the sugar and cotton fields of Biloela, Queensland, Australia . These early immigrants faced hardships at home to their local villages, the families they left behind and their churches. However, they took the time to improve their lives by working hard, in the rural areas of Queensland’s cotton and sugar-cane fields at Biloela.

By 1934, the Callide Valley had 40,000 acres of cultivated land and a butter factory was opened in 1936.

In March 1934, The Courier-Mail reported: “Among the cotton growers of the Biloela district was a leader of the Ural Cossacks who fought in the Great War (WWI) and a Russian Orthodox priest.”

A Greek Orthodox Archbishop, Timotheos Evangelinidis (1880 – 1949) the Metropolis of Australia and New Zealand from 1931 to 1947, visited Biloela from time to time to baptize the children, give communion is good for the faithful Orthodox and teach God’s Liturgy.

By early post-World War II years, Biloela’s population was about 1000 people, making it the largest town in Banana Shire.

After saving a lot of money, many of the early immigrants started businesses in the city such as cafes and restaurants.

Phillip Diakou

Phillip Hagi-Diakou was born in the seaside village of Gennadi, Rhodes Island, Greece. In 1936, at the age of fourteen, he said goodbye to his mother, his sister and the village and went with his father on the Italian ship, Romolo bound for Queensland, Australia to seek their fortune.

Phillip worked with his father in the cotton and sugar fields of Biloela and had to cope with the heat and humidity, as well as dingoes and snakes.

He was determined to succeed however through hard work and he planned to learn English by learning a Greek-English dictionary.

He was nineteen when World War II started so he enlisted in the Australian Army and was sent to Darwin where he worked as a cook. It is the beginning of a long life in the kitchen.

When the war ended, he moved to Adelaide, South Australia and bought the Gouger Cafe – a cafe that changed his life.

Gauger Cafe – Adelaide

The close-knit, hard-working and dedicated Diakou family made their Gouger Cafe a symbol of Adelaide’s seafood restaurants led by Phillip and his wife Anastasia in the kitchen and their three children. , Maria, Steve and Bill. The Gouger Cafe is a pioneer in seafood dining in Adelaide and Gouger Street is becoming a hub, boasting the cream of South Australia’s seafood restaurants.

The Stiliano Family

Stylianos (Steve) Stiliano (real name Matsi) said goodbye to his mother and his mountain village of Mesanagros, Rhodes Island, Greece in the mid-1930s and went with his father and brother Yianni and Marko went to work in the sugar and cotton fields. Rockhampton and Monto in Queensland, Australia.

In 1944 Steve met and married his wife Erini in Biloela who had moved with her family from Lahania, Rhodes Island, Greece.

They had five children – twins, George and Anna, Philip and Gary who were born in Biloela and Stella who was born in Adelaide in 1957.

Mixed Farming – Cotton and Livestock

The Stiliano family has a mixed farming business on the outskirts of Biloela that combines the cultivation of crops (cotton is the main crop) with the raising of livestock (mainly dairy products) to meat and milk.

The cotton seed is planted in the spring and the crop must be harvested before the weather can damage or destroy all its quality and reduce the yield.

Their cows have to give birth to babies before they can produce milk.

Some of their heifers have been raised for beef and about three quarters of the heifers have been replaced by their adults as calves.

Long working hours cause tiredness and fatigue. And the family is exposed to various safety and environmental hazards that include snakes, heat, falls, injuries and pesticides.

Cafe in Monto

The Stiliano family has tiled, worked and financed in the cotton fields to earn enough money to build a café in Monto about 96.2km from Biloela offering quick service, long hours, and food seven days a week.

Their restaurant offers English-style steak and eggs, mixed grill, chops and sausages, fish and chips as well as American hamburger, ice cream, sundaes, milkshakes and drinks available for purchase. eat or take away. .

Every Tuesday is to be a social past of their restaurant by farmers from the surrounding areas who have spent time from their daily work in their farms to enjoy healthy cafe-style with family or friends.

Nick Frossinakis: do you want more followers?

Nick Frossinakis along with his father Manoli and brothers Philip and Tom from the small, southern Rhodes town of Lahania, Rhodes Island, Greece, left the uncertainty and financial instability of Kev War Greece in 1949 in the hope of achieving a stable life in 1949. Australia.

They moved to Biloela where they worked and farmed in cotton to earn enough money to buy their own small farm.

Nick’s sister Eleni (Helen) stayed behind in Lahania, Rhodes Island for about three years, then went to Australia with other immigrant women from Lahania to join her family in Australia.

Horse-drawn plows were used to cultivate the fields in those days to prepare for planting seeds or planting to loosen or turn the soil.

They live in houses made of metal sheets on top of hard soil and sweltered by the long, hot summers.

Their house did not have electricity, therefore, gasoline with a wick to burn was used for lighting.

Cleanliness and toilet use were not as easy in the early days as they are today.

The bathroom and toilet are the opposite to the suites we know today.

Whether it’s cold or hot, many expats have to make do with a metal tub to take a shower for themselves and wherever they can find privacy outdoors is their bathroom.

And, flax canvas water-bags were necessary in those days because having clean, cold water in rural areas was essential for survival. All farmers have to rely on lots of sunshine, warm weather and 4 to 5 months of cool weather to produce white cotton.

Cow milk

After that, the family got 120 cows that they milked every morning and sent to the factory so that dairy products such as milk, sugar, butter, yogurt and cheese were produced. people eat.

Christos and Zaharoula Arnas

Christos Arnas is from the village of Katavia and Zaharoula Diakomihalis is from the village of Lahania, Rhodes Island.

During the 1930s, the two decided to leave the island of their birth to find a peaceful life in Australia, bringing with them the virtues of rural life – on farms and villages that work in the past.

Christos moved to Biloela, Queensland, Australia in 1936.

Zaharoula was brought to Australia by his father, Phillip Diakomihalis in 1937.

They met and married in Biloela in 1937 and together, they would farm in the rural Callide on the outskirts of Biloela where they grew cotton and raised livestock.

Their children Irene was born in 1938, Phillip was born in 1943 and Mary was born in 1944.

Every morning, before going to school, Irene, the eldest daughter will feed 32 cows and then, after school will feed the pigs.

When the Arnas family went to do their shopping in the town of Biloela they traveled in 1800s style, horse and buggy (an old reminder of a simpler, slower time).

Mixed-Farming – Cotton and Livestock

The Arnas family farm is a mixed farm that combines growing crops (cotton is the main crop) with raising livestock.

It reconnects them to the traditional, rural identity, the way of life they had back in their country of Southern Rhodes.

Milk, meat, cotton, cereal, vegetables and fruits are all produced in their farms.

They work in the heat of the sun and in the rain to take care of their crops and livestock seven days a week, quiet and unsatisfied.

In the cotton house family toiled and enduring to pull the white, fluffy lint from the boll while trying not to cut their hands on the sharp end and they had to stoop to pick cotton because the The average cotton is less than three feet tall. .

Cows need grass, hay and grain to feed them and eat enough food, while calves need to eat every three to four hours or an average of 7 to 10 times in a day and drink 1 to 2 pints of milk at every age.

Their pastured pigs present another challenge because poor nutrition will slow down the pig’s growth and affect the quality of the meat and the pig’s health. .

The Arnas family feeds their pigs a variety of food such as corn, barley, bean meal, bread, vegetables, fruit and pig pellets to keep them healthy.

Banana peels are also good feed for pigs because of their high energy content.

Each pig needs to eat an average of 6 to 8 pounds of feed per day and can walk in the Arnas farm, in the sun and fresh air.

A school room

The Callide High School is a one-room school built on stilts with a teacher who teaches the content of education to various levels of elementary school students. boys and girls from the rural areas of Bilolela.

Nick and his brothers Tom and Philip were the first Greek immigrants to attend Callide High School. Nick would sit his brother Tom on the crossbar of his bicycle riding the 3km on the gravel road to school every day. Irene Diakos will also ride her bike to school.

Anna and George Stiliano are farm children who are looking at their first school room with meeting tables and a large teacher’s desk in front.

The journey from their home to this strange new world is different from their old farmhouse, pastures and fields.

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